When someone needs to purchase a new tire, they’ll usually go to an auto professional and have them determine the size of the replacement tire needed. But you can save a lot of money by figuring out this information yourself. All it takes is for you to understand the markings on the sides of the tires. Below are 5 proper ways to read the tire size.
1. Tyre Type – Before you worry about the specific size measurements of the tire, you need to first make sure it is the right type of tire. After all, there are tires made specifically for passenger cars, light trucks, and so on. To find out which type of tire you have, look at the side wall of the tire. You should see a series of numbers which start with one or two letters. If the numbers start with a P, then it means that the tire is for passenger cars. If it starts with an “LT,” the tire is for light trucks.
2.Tyre Width – Some tires will list the width in millimeters and others will list it in inches. If you see three numbers on the tire’s sidewall coming after the previous letter mentioned, then these numbers represent the total millimeters of the tire’s width. If you see two numbers after the letter, then it is in inches. The width is measured from one side of the tire straight to the other side.
3. Aspect Ratio – After the tire width, there will be a forward slash followed by an aspect ratio number. The aspect ratio is another way of saying the ratio of the width of the sidewall to the height of it. The ratio number is the percentage of the width which determines the height. For example, if the aspect ratio is 60, then 60% of the width of the tire will equal the height.
4.Tyre Construction – The double-digit aspect ratio number is often followed by a letter. This letter represents the type of tire construction. The most common letter found here is “R” which stands for radial. A professional auto mechanic will understand what the letter here means. Radial is the most common construction technique used for making tires. Some other less common letters you might find here are “B” for belted bias or “D” for diagonal bias.
5. Wheel Diameter – The final number which is listed at the end is the wheel diameter size. This number will most likely be in inches and it determines the size of the wheel that can fit inside the tire. For example, if you see the number 18 at the end, then it means the tire can fit any wheel that is 18 inches in diameter.