Many people die as a consequence of inexperience, speeding intoxication through drink driving, drugs or just plain recklessness. According to The Punch at least 80 people have been killed in different auto accidents on the Lagos-Ibadan expressway between January and June 2016 and there are many others yet to be accounted for on the Nigeria roads.
Road accident is any accident involving at least one road vehicle,occurring on a road open to public,circulation and in which at least one person is injured or killed.
Causes of road accidents
The majority of road crashes are caused by human error, driver error accounts for over 80% of all fatal and injury crashes. The main causes of death and injury on our roads are speeding, drink driving and non-wearing of seat-belts .
Because most traffic accidents are the product of several factors, the probability of accidents can be reduced in a number of different ways.
There are three main approaches to preventing accidents:
Education and training of
(a) Children in school by road-traffic instructors and school teachers
(b) Adolescents in the principles of safe driving and in good driving attitudes
(c) Refresher courses for older drivers to bring home safe-driving principles and to refresh their knowledge of traffic law
(d) By means of newspaper, radio television, and other publicity, to draw the attention of all road users both to dangers and to safe practices on the road.
(e) Constant sensitization of all the drivers by FRSC, LASTMA, VIO, and other corporate organisation in the country to keep them aware of the dangers on the road.
(a) Adopting reasonable and enforceable traffic laws which, at the same time, are best designed to prevent accidents;
(b) Concentrating the time and energy of traffic officers on the offences, locations, and times that feature frequently in accidents
(c) Thoroughly testing new drivers to ensure they will not be liable to cause accidents.
Engineering of vehicles and roads: Vehicle engineering, comprising
(a) Regular inspection for a “warrant of fitness” to ensure that the main components of the vehicle are safe
(b) Improving the design of the vehicle to give ease of vision and control to the driver and so reduce the likelihood of injury in an accident
(c) fitting safety equipment, such as seat belts.
Road or traffic engineering comprises
(a) the design of new roads which are inherently safe (separating opposing traffic flows, eliminating cross traffic, and providing wide shoulders and traffic lanes and good visibility)
(b) Improving existing roads by realignment, improving vision, and resurfacing slippery surfaces
(c) Regulating traffic movement by installing traffic signals, traffic islands, road markings, and regulatory signs such as “stop” and “give way” signs; and
(d) Assisting the driver with warning and destination signs to avoid danger and confusion.